Gender inequalities in production (as well as in the rest of society) limit economic growth. And the fuller utilisation of women’s labour – by investment in human capital, reducing discrimination in labour markets, and re-orienting industrial policy – is the best way of securing a future of combined economic growth and social justice. The completion of the transformation of the gender regime that is currently underway
– from domestic regime to public gender regime – could be the potential engine of
the next phase of economic growth (though it is crucial to note here that a public gender regime may take both neoliberal and social-democratic forms). This is why
it is insufficient to treat gender inequalities as matters to be addressed solely by redistribution and welfare provision. Given that gender relations are entwined in the structuring of production, it is crucially important to reduce and end gender gaps in employment, from participation to pay. And this requires more than better childcare, though this is significant. Achieving such a re-gendering of production also requires gender-balance in decision-making and the deepening of democracy.
In this article, the policies to achieve this combined outcome of more growth and less inequality are identified, as a contribution to the Soundings Futures series, which seeks to build alternatives to neoliberalism.6 These proposals build on the work
of many others, ranging from grassroots activists to think tanks, trade unions and academics, as well as the UK Women’s Budget Group.
Gender matters throughout the economy.7 And gender issues are not
confined to norms or to care. They concern more than the family and the fiscal.
The establishment of a social-democratic public gender regime requires policy development that mainstreams gender equality into all aspects of social and economic policy-making, rather than treating women as a separate group or identity in need of special treatment.8
The Women’s Budget Group’s Plan F is a succinct (two-page) feminist strategy for the economy.9 It calls for: the reversal of cuts to public expenditure and social security; the reform of plans for Universal Credit; investment in social infrastructure; improvement in the terms and conditions for paid workers in the social infrastructure; the strengthening of workers’ rights throughout the economy; affordable care; support for unpaid carers; a fairer social security system; and increased investment in social housing. This is to be paid for by reversing tax reductions, taking action against tax avoidance and evasion, and not replacing Trident.
Fonte: Sbilanciamoci.info – http://sbilanciamoci.info/policies-for-inclusive-economic-growth/